In Guyana, studies project that by the end of this century, temperatures can increase by up to 4°C, weather patterns will become more extreme and sea level is projected to rise to as much as two feet.
Many sectors of the country will be affected negatively. The agriculture sector, for example, is very likely be negatively affected by climate change through decreasing yields caused by greater drought like conditions mainly.
Sea level rise will inundate wetlands and lowlands; accelerate coastal erosion; exacerbate coastal flooding; threaten or destroy coastal structures; raise water tables and increase the salinity of rivers and aquifers.
Some effects of climate change, such as changes in rainfall, temperature patterns, and sea level rise, will potentially result in a number of changed health outcomes.
All the changes projected may translate into ecosystems disruptions, floods, landslides, storm surges and droughts, among other impacts. These threats will impose severe social and economic constraints to Guyana and would need to be addressed with effective adaptation measures.
With 90% of the population and 75% of the main economic activities concentrated on the low-lying coast, Guyana is particularly vulnerable to negative effects of climate change on its economy, human livelihoods and ecosystems. As noted in the precious article, Guyana is already suffering greatly from changes
In the new week, the IPCC will release its Fifth Assessment Report which is expected to provide updated projections for climate change.
In order to avert the potential disaster that climate change poses to the world in general and developing countries in particular, a concerted international effort is required, with leadership and cooperation from developed and developing countries alike. Guyana has taken significant efforts to address climate change.